Articles

  • Acute Vaginitis

    Acute vaginitis is an inflammation or infection of the vagina and may include symptoms like vulvar or vaginal itching, burning, irritation, pain with intercourse, and abnormal vaginal odor and/or discharge. The most common causes of acute vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis, and trichomonas. Disclaimer:

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  • Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

    Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge in reproductive age women. It occurs due to a change in the normal flora of the vaginal environment and is not a true infection. Although some patients will have no symptoms, women commonly present with abnormal vaginal discharge

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  • Chronic Vaginitis

    Chronic vaginitis is an inflammation or infection of the vagina and may include symptoms like vulvar or vaginal itching, burning, irritation, pain with intercourse, and abnormal vaginal odor and/or discharge. The most common causes of chronic vaginitis are more likely due to inflammation as opposed to

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  • Dysuria

    Dysuria is pain, discomfort, or burning with urination. There are many causes of dysuria including: urinary tract infections (UTIs), chlamdyia, gonorrhea, herpes, kidney infection, kidney stones, vaginal yeast infections, certain medications, and even soaps and other personal care products. Disclaimer:

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  • Hematuria

    Hematuria is defined as the presence of blood in the urine. The various causes of hematuria include but are not limited to: malignancies, infection, kidney stones, benign tumors, various congenital defects, medications such as blood thinners, renal diseases, excessive exercise, urinary tract obstruction,

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  • Kegel Exercises

    Kegel exercises strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and are important as women age. As the pelvic floor muscle weakens over time, the uterus, bladder and bowel can descend and create a bulge into the vagina. This is called pelvic organ prolapse. Fortunately, Kegel exercises are easy to do. Disclaimer:

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  • Overactive Bladder Syndrome

    Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a condition that is associated with the sudden uncontrollable urge to urinate. It is often characterized by the need to urinate frequently during the day and night. Sometimes, it may lead to leakage of urine. Disclaimer: The information on this website is provided

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  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a condition that occurs when the muscles that support the pelvic organs (uterus, bladder, rectum, small bowel) become weak and are unable to provide adequate support. Consequently, the pelvic organs drop down and protrude into the vagina or through the vaginal opening. Disclaimer:

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  • Rectovaginal Fistula

    A rectovaginal fistula is an abnormal communication that develops between the rectum and the vagina. This is a serious problem and can present with symptoms of abnormal vaginal discharge since fecal material or gas can leak from the rectum into the vagina through the abnormal connection. Rectovaginal

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  • Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Stress urinary incontinence is a condition characterized by involuntary leakage of urine upon physical exertion, coughing, exercising, or sneezing. It is the most common type of urinary incontinence in women. Disclaimer: The information on this website is provided for educational and information

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  • Urinary Incontinence

    Urinary incontinence is the accidental involuntary leakage of urine. Being able to hold ones urine depends on the normal function of the bladder and urethra as well as normal neurologic reflexes. It also depends on the functional and cognitive ability to urinate voluntarily. When there is a problem in

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  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

    UTI stands for urinary tract infection and is a common infection in women. The urinary tract consists of an upper portion (kidneys and ureters) and a lower portion (bladder and urethra). UTIs usually start in the lower tract when bacteria enters the urethra (bladder opening) and infects the bladder leading

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  • Vaginal Candidiasis

    Vaginal candidiasis is also known as a yeast infection. It is caused by a fungus called Candida. The infection occurs when the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina is altered and the yeast overgrow and cause symptoms. These symptoms include redness, itching and burning of the area outside the

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  • Vaginismus

    Vaginismus is a recurrent spasm of the outer third of the vagina that interferes with with sexual intercourse, tampon placement, and gynecologic exam. It occurs in 5-15 % of women and is characterized by both psychological and physical factors. Disclaimer: The information on this website is provided

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  • Vaginitis

    Vaginitis is inflammation and/or infection of the vagina. Symptoms can include irritation, odor, itch, and discharge. Vaginitis can be associated with douching, vaginal washes, sexual activity, and other risk factors. The most common causes of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis,

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